# A uniform rod of length  and mass  rests on a smooth horizontal table. A point mass  moving horizontally at right angles to the rod with initial velocity  collides with one end of the rod and sticks to it Determine the angular velocity of the system after the collision a) b) c) d)

## Question ID - 101303 :- A uniform rod of length  and mass  rests on a smooth horizontal table. A point mass  moving horizontally at right angles to the rod with initial velocity  collides with one end of the rod and sticks to it Determine the angular velocity of the system after the collision a) b) c) d)

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(a)

After collision, the centre of mass of the composite system will move in a straight line with a constant speed and the system will rotate with a constant angular velocity about the vertical axis passing through (and translating with) the centre of mass of the system. During the collision, the external force and torque about any point (or axis) in an inertial reference frame is zero. The torque acting on the system in the centre of mass reference frame is also zero

There are many (mathematically infinite) points (axes) about which the angular momentum of the system remains constant during the collision. The centre of mass of the composite system is the most convenient point

The distance of the centre of mass of the system from the end where  sticks is given by

Let the velocity of the centre of mass of the system after collision be  and the angular velocity of the system about the vertical axis through the centre of mass be  as shown in the figure

From the conservation of the angular momentum about the centre of mass axis

(i)

Moment of inertia of the composite system about the centre of mass axis is

(ii)

From Eqs. (i) and (ii)

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