Twelve wires of resistance 6 are connected to form a cube as shown in the figure. The current centers at a corner A and leaves at the diagonally opposite corner G. the joint resistance across the corner A and G are

a) |
12 |
b) |
6 |
c) |
3 |
d) |
5 |

Twelve wires of resistance 6 are connected to form a cube as shown in the figure. The current centers at a corner A and leaves at the diagonally opposite corner G. the joint resistance across the corner A and G are

a) |
12 |
b) |
6 |
c) |
3 |
d) |
5 |

1 Answer

127 votes

**(d)**

Let ABCDEFGH be the skeleton cube formed by joining twelve equal wires each of resistance r. Let the current enters the cube at corner A and after passing through all twelve wires, let the current leaves at G, a corner diagonally opposite to corner A.

For the sake of convenience, let us suppose that the total current is . At A, this current is divided into three equal parts each (2i) along AE, AB and AD as the resistance along these paths are equal and their end points are equidistant from exit point G. At the points E, B and D, each part is further divided into two equal parts each part equal to . The distribution of current in the various arms of skeleton cube is shown according to Kirchhoff’s first law. The current leaving the cube at G is again 6i.

Applying Kirchhoff’s second law to the closed circuit ADCGA, we get

Or ……(i)

Where is the emf of the cell of neglegible internal resistance. If R is the resistance of the cube between the diagonally opposite corners A and G, then according to Ohm’s law, we have

…...(ii)

From Eqs. (i) and (ii), we have

Or

Hence, r=6

127 votes

127